Resources

Find a carefully curated list of papers, newspaper articles and books from Soddy in the 19th century to cutting edge releases from academics and central banks across the world. If we’ve missed something or you’d like to share your own research get in touch!









‘Babylonian Madness’: On The Historical and Sociological Origins of Money

History of money | 2000 | View the publication

100 percent reserve banking: A critical review of green perspectives

Controlling endogenous money | 2014 | View the publication

100% Money and the Public Debt

The Chicago plan | 2009 | View the publication

A Case for Preserving Regulatory Distinctions

The current system | 1987 | View the publication

A Critique of Full Reserve Banking

The Chicago plan | 2015 | View the publication

A Framework for Analyzing Monetary Policy in an Economy with E-money

Central bank digital currency | 2019 | View the publication

A Green Bank of England – Central Banking for a Low-Carbon Economy

The current system | 2018 | View the publication

A Guide to Public Money Creation – Outlining the Alternatives to Quantitative Easing

Sovereign money | 2016 | View the publication

A Proposed Revision of the Monetary System of the United States

History of money | 1934 | View the publication

Banks are not Intermediaries of Loanable Funds — and Why This Matters

The current system | 2015 | View the publication

Banks As Social Accountants And Social Controllers: Credit and Crisis in Historical Perspective

The current system | 2009 | View the publication

Between Debt and the Devil: Money, Credit, and Fixing Global Finance

The current system | 2017 | View the publication

Can Banks Individually Create Money Out of Nothing? — The Theories and the Empirical Evidence

The current system | 2014 | View the publication

Can We Avoid Another Financial Crisis?

The current system | 2017 | View the publication

Casting Light on Central Bank Digital Currencies

Central bank digital currency | 2018 | View the publication

Central Bank Capital as an Instrument of Monetary Policy

Helicopter money | 2018 | View the publication

Central bank collaboration on CBDC warranted, says Bank of Israel official

Central bank digital currency | 2018 | View the publication

Central Bank Digital Currency in Denmark?

Central bank digital currency | 2017 | View the publication

Creating New Money. A Monetary Reform for the Information Age

Sovereign money | 2000 | View the publication

Credit and state theories of money: The Contributions of A. Mitchell Innes

History of money | 2004 | View the publication

Credit Booms Gone Bust: Monetary Policy, Leverage Cycles, and Financial Crises

The current system | 2012 | View the publication

Credit Creation and the ‘Growth Imperative’ – a Quasi-stationary Economy with Debt-based Money

The current system | 2015 | View the publication

Credit where it’s due: A historical, theoretical and empirical review of credit guidance policies in the 20th century

The current system | 2018 | View the publication

Debt: The First 5000 Years

History of money | 2011 | View the publication

Democratizing Money? Debating Legitimacy in Monetary Reform Proposals

Controlling endogenous money | 2018 | View the publication

Digital Base Money: an Assessment from the ECB’s Perspective

Central bank digital currency | 2017 | View the publication

Digital cash – Why Central Banks Should Start Issuing Electronic Money

Central bank digital currency | 2016 | View the publication

Financial Instability and Foreign Direct Investment (Ph.D. thesis)

Sovereign money | 2014 | View the publication

From Debt Money to Public Money System

The Chicago plan | 2014 | View the publication

From the State Theory of Money to Modern Money Theory: An Alternative to Economic Orthodoxy

Modern monetary theory | 2014 | View the publication

Full Reserve Banking – An analysis of four monetary reform plans

Controlling endogenous money | 2013 | View the publication

Full reserve banking: More ‘Cranks’ than’ Brave Heretics’

Controlling endogenous money | 2015 | View the publication

Head and Tail of Money Creation and its System Design Failures

Controlling endogenous money | 2016 | View the publication

Helicopter money: A cure for what ails the euro area?

Central bank digital currency | 2016 | View the publication

History of Money

History of money | 2007 | View the publication

History of Money and Banking in the United States: The Colonial Era to World War II

History of money | 2002 | View the publication

How do Banks Create Money, and why can Other Firms not do the Same? An explanation for the Coexistence of Lending and Deposit-taking

The current system | 2014 | View the publication

Introduction to an Alternative History of Money

History of money | 2012 | View the publication

Jimmy Stewart is Dead: Ending the World’s Ongoing Financial Plague with Limited Purpose Banking

The current system | 2010 | View the publication

Limited-Purpose Banking – Moving from” Trust Me” to” Show Me” Banking

Controlling endogenous money | 2012 | View the publication

Making Money From Making Money – Seigniorage in the Modern Economy

The current system | 2017 | View the publication

Modern Money Theory – A Primer on Macroeconomics for Sovereign Monetary Systems

Modern monetary theory | 2012 | View the publication

Modernising Money

Sovereign money | 2012 | View the publication

Monetary and Financial Stability: Lessons from the Crisis and from Classic Economics Texts

The current system | 2012 | View the publication

Monetary financing with interest-bearing money

Helicopter money | 2019 | View the publication

Monetary Reform – A Better Monetary System for Iceland

Controlling endogenous money | 2016 | View the publication

Monetary Reform; dynamics of a sustainable financial-economic system

The current system | 2016 | View the publication

Money Creation in the Modern Economy

The current system | 2014 | View the publication

Money Creation in the Modern Economy – an Introduction

The current system | 2014 | View the publication

Money Creation under Full-reserve Banking: A Stock-flow Consistent Mode

Controlling endogenous money | 2015 | View the publication

Money Issuance – Alternative Monetary Systems

Controlling endogenous money | 2016 | View the publication

Money: The Unauthorised Biography

History of money | 2014 | View the publication

Narrow Banking: The Reform of Banking Regulation

Controlling endogenous money | 2009 | View the publication

On money, debt, trust and central banking

The current system | 2018 | View the publication

On the Liquidation of Government Debt under A Debt-Free Money System

The Chicago plan | 2010 | View the publication

On the Monetary and Financial Stability under A Public Money System

The Chicago plan | 2012 | View the publication

Our Common Wealth: A Citizens’ Wealth Fund for the UK

The current system | 2018 | View the publication

Proceeding with caution – a survey on central bank digital currency

Central bank digital currency | 2019 | View the publication

Public Debt Through the Ages

The current system | 2019 | View the publication

Repeat After Me: Banks Cannot And Do Not “Lend Out” Reserves

The current system | 2013 | View the publication

Sovereign Money – An Introduction

Sovereign money | 2016 | View the publication

Sovereign Money: Beyond Reserve Banking

Sovereign money | 2017 | View the publication

Strip Private Banks of Their Power to Create Money

Sovereign money | 2016 | View the publication

The ‘Chicago Plan’ and New Deal Banking Reform

The Chicago plan | 1992 | View the publication

The 100 Per Cent Reserve Plan

The Chicago plan | 1935 | View the publication

The 100% Money Proposal and its Implications for Banking: The Currie–Fisher Approach Versus The Chicago Plan Approach

The Chicago plan | 2018 | View the publication

The Bubble and Beyond. Fictitious Capital, Debt Deflation and Global Crisis

The current system | 2012 | View the publication

The Chicago Plan Revisited

The Chicago plan | 2012 | View the publication

The End of Alchemy: Money, Banking and the Future of the Global Economy

The current system | 2016 | View the publication

The End of Banking: Money, Credit, and the Digital Revolution

The current system | 2014 | View the publication

The Endogeneity of Money: Empirical Evidence

The current system | 2005 | View the publication

The Finance Curse: How Global Finance is Making Us All Poorer

The current system | 2018 | View the publication

The macroeconomics of central bank issued digital currencies

Central bank digital currency | 2016 | View the publication

The Meaning of Money

History of money | 1921 | View the publication

The Monetary System in Crisis

The current system | 2015 | View the publication

The Mystery of Banking

The current system | 2008 | View the publication

The Shifts and the Shocks

The current system | 2014 | View the publication

There is No Money Multiplier

The current system | 2010 | View the publication

Towards A Twenty-First Century Banking And Monetary System

Sovereign money | 2011 | View the publication

Wealth, Virtual Wealth and Debt: The Solution of the Economic Paradox

History of money | 1933 | View the publication

What is Money?

The current system | 2000 | View the publication

What Should Banks Do?

The current system | 1987 | View the publication

Where Does Money Come From? A Guide to the UK Monetary and Banking System

The current system | 2011 | View the publication

Who Should Make Kroner? – A Review of Danmarks Nationalbank’s Analysis of CBDC

Central bank digital currency | 2018 | View the publication

Why Does Everyone Hate MMT?

Modern monetary theory | 2019 | View the publication

Workings of A Public Money System of Open Macroeconomies

The Chicago plan | 2011 | View the publication